Nigeria is one of the most developed African countries and is located in West Africa bordered by Cameroon on the right, Benin on the Left, Niger on the North and the Atlantic Ocean on the South. Its strategic position has played a big part in the development of its economy as it enjoys some of the equatorial climates that are majorly in the central parts of Africa but also spreads to the Western parts of the continent.
None the less, in spite of the country being the 21st largest economy in the world, it is also ranked the 20th in purchasing power parity globally (Baird, A.J, 2004). This is because it has many sectors that contribute highly to the economy. For example, it has an expanding manufacturing sector; other high performing sectors are the financial sector, communications, sector, entertainment sector technology and the service sectors. A general increase in the performance of these sectors has led to a decrease in the debt to GDP ratio to 8% (2015) from 11% (2012). Therefore, it can be noted that the economy is increasing gradually. In fact, Citigroup report published a report in 2011 indicating that Nigeria will have the highest GDP growth by the year 2050, also, from their statistics; they predict that Nigeria will be the 9th most developed country in the world.
The Nigeria’s labor force comprises of about 74 million people who are scattered into different industries’ in the country. In this population sector, 12.2% are in the accommodation, transport, food and real estate while about 30% of this population is in fishing, forestry, and farming (Baird, A.J, 2004). Therefore, the Marine sector, as a result, it is a significant contribution to the Nigerian economy as it impacts the; Food, transportation and fishing industries which are high contributors to the development of the country.
Because of the large population in the marine industry, it is important to consider the safety of seafarers as they comprise a considerable percentage of the Nigerian workforce. Therefore, the importance of analyzing the effectiveness of sailors training in Nigeria, so as to determine what needs to be improved and what action is effective.
It goes without saying that the maritime industry is of utmost importance in Nigeria’s economy as a good percentage of the labor force earn their source of livelihood from it. As a result, this sector tends to contribute a high proportion of the country’s GDP that in turn makes the country to be the largest economy in Africa and have the 21st highest GDP in the world (Baird, A.J, 2004). To maintain this status, it is necessary for the government of the country to look for ways to conserve the lives of seafarers due to the high risks they are exposed to on a daily basis. To be safe refers to being protected against any form of harm in different aspects. These aspects may be; physical, political, social, occupational, spiritual, etc. However, in maritime safety, the major issues looked at are; safety of human beings and their environment, the navigational system and efficient maritime transport.
Shipping is considered to be one of the industries that are considered the most dangerous in the world, due to its nature of operations and the bulk of items that are being exposed to risk (Baird, A.J, 2004. Due to this, the shipping business is governed by strict rules and regulations that make various companies in the industry act in a disciplined and organized manner so as to prevent losses.
Safety, therefore, it is key to ensure that all the shipping activities are carried out in an organized manner that in turn reduce the risks and also streamline all the activities that go on in a ship. Also, ships are extremely expensive vessels. Therefore, it is important to make sure the ships serve for an extended period to ensure the owners of the ship get their investments back and not suffer losses instead.
The full implementation of the rules and regulations in the shipping industry has led to a reduction in most of the accidents, casualties and oil spills that have been happening in the recent past. Meaning that the rules and regulations have been a bit effective so far. However, there has been an increase in the number of incidents recently that indicates that there are a few loop holes in those rules and regulations hence the need for a fully implemented safety culture. Therefore, the reason for this study is to analyze the effectiveness of seafarers training in Nigeria.
The aim of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the Nigerian maritime training system.
To achieve the purpose of this study of analyzing the effectiveness of the Nigerian maritime training system, the following objectives were formulated to conceptualize and understand the importance of this study:
1. Review the recent training strategy/policy adopted by the Nigerian maritime authorities.
2. Identifying the different study routes of becoming seafarers in Nigeria
3. Reviewing the recent seafaring program conducted by the Maritime Authority
4. To determine the best training system that adds more value to the Nigerian Seafarers
To analyze the effectiveness of seafarers training in Nigeria, it is imperative that questionnaires be issued to the seafarers; therefore, a direct limitation is the transportation costs to the seafarers which lead to additional expenses of the study. In addition to this, the time frame to complete this research is limited, hence, inability to get and analyze sufficient data. In addition to this, the nature of this research requires the researcher to issue questionnaires to experienced seafarers who have been in the industry for a considerable period. This is a hindrance to the study since issuing a questionnaire to an inexperienced seafarer may lead to inaccurate results. This increased the time taken for research to look for experienced sailors.
1.6 STUDY OUTLINE
The study of analyzing the effectiveness of seafarers training in Nigeria is divided into six separate chapters namely; the introduction as the first chapter, literature review, and methodology, the second chapter, data collection the third, data analysis as the fourth chapter, findings of analysis and conclusion and reflection of study. Chapter 1 includes the introduction part that covers; background of the survey, justification of the study, aim of the study, objectives of the study, and limitations of the study. Chapter 2 of the study includes the Literature review of the study which includes both theoretical and empirical. Chapter 3 comprises of data collection. Chapter 4 comprises of an analysis of the data collected. Chapter 5 consists of the findings from the analyzed data, and Chapter 6 summarizes and reflects on the study.
The effectiveness of seafarers training in Nigeria is important since the GDP of the country greatly depends on it. This is because of a high proportion of the workforces labor in the marine industry. Therefore, it is important to determine the effectiveness of the training seafarers get for them to do their work without the various risks sailors face. Analysis of the various training the seafarers get will make it easy to narrow down to the best training thus leading to its implementation and conservation of the country’s GDP. The aim of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the Nigerian maritime training system, and the limitations of the study included time constraints, financial constraints, inadequate personnel to answer questionnaires and insufficient data to carry out the research. The research is divided into six chapters which include; introduction, literature review, data collection, data analysis, findings of analysis and conclusion and reflection of study.