Assignment: cancer treatment
Assignment: cancer treatment
Question 10 A nurse is caring for a 64-year-old female patient who is receiving IV heparin and reports bleeding from her gums. The nurse checks the patient’s laboratory test results and finds that she has a very high aPTT. The nurse anticipates that which of the following drugs may be ordered?
D) Protamine sulfate
Question 11 A nurse has been assigned to a 55-year-old woman who has a malignant brain tumor. The patient is receiving her first dose of carmustine. It will be critical for the nurse to observe for which of the following?
A) Nausea and vomiting
B) Respiratory difficulty
C) Inability to drink fluids for 6 hours
D) Reddish urine
Question 12 A nurse is assessing a patient who has chronic lymphoblastic myelogenous leukemia. The treatment plan includes hydroxyurea (Hydrea). The nurse will assess the patient for which of the following?
A) Diabetes mellitus
Question 13 A patient’s current course of cancer treatment involves the administration of a conjugated monoclonal antibody. What characteristic of the drug is specified by the fact that it is classified as a conjugated drug?
A) The drug is derived from nonhuman sources.
B) The targeted therapy is combined with another substance that causes cell death.
C) The targeted therapy is combination of a monoclonal antibody, a kinase inhibitor, and an inorganic cytotoxin.
D) The drug is able to adapt its pharmacokinetics to the etiology of the patient’s cancer.
Question 14 An oncology nurse is reviewing the pathophysiology of cancer and is discussing with a colleague the factors that contribute to the success or failure of a patient’s chemotherapy. Which of the following cancerous cells is most susceptible to the effects of chemotherapeutic drugs?
A) Cells with a long generation time
B) Cells that lack contact inhibition
C) Cells that have a rapid mitotic rate
D) Cells that lack a blood supply
Question 15 A patient receiving high-dose cisplatin therapy exhibits symptoms of hypomagnesemia. Which of the following should the nurse suggest to help offset the magnesium losses from the cisplatin therapy?
A) Consuming dairy products
B) Consuming chocolates
C) Drinking 2 to 3 liters of fluid a day
D) Consuming potassium-rich foods
Question 16 An older adult woman has been diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and her care team has identified potential benefits of imatinib. Which of the following characteristics of this patient’s current health status may preclude the use of imatinib?
A) The patient has type 2 diabetes mellitus that is controlled using diet and oral antihyperglycemics.
B) The patient has chronic heart failure resulting in significant peripheral edema.
C) The patient experienced a mild ischemic stroke several years ago and had transient ischemic attacks last year.
D) The patient had a total knee arthroplasty several months earlier.