Assignment#2 – Human Sexuality as Science
Assignment#2 – Human Sexuality as Science
Assignment #2 – Human Sexuality as a Science
There are only three ways of dealing with sex.
It may be gratified; it may be repressed; or it may be sublimated.
The latter is, through history, often an ideal and frequently a success,
but it is always an instability.”
– Theodore Sturgeon
2.1 – Overview
The “Online” Course
Human Sexual Words to Live By and Those Who Said Them
Quote – “A man’s friendships are one of the best measures of his worth.”
Charles Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He was the British naturalist who became famous for his theories of evolution and natural selection. Like several scientists before him, Darwin believed all the life on earth evolved (developed gradually) over millions of years from a few common ancestors.
From 1831 to 1836 Darwin served as naturalist aboard the H.M.S. Beagle on a British science expedition around the world–the ship’s captain almost didn’t hire Darwin, because he thought he “looked lazy.” In South America Darwin found fossils of extinct animals that were similar to modern species. On the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean he noticed many variations among plants and animals of the same general type as those in South America. The expedition visited places around the world, and Darwin studied plants and animals everywhere he went, collecting specimens for further study.
Upon his return to London, Darwin conducted a thorough research of his notes and specimens. Out of this study grew several related theories: one, evolution did occur; two, evolutionary change was gradual, requiring thousands to millions of years; three, the primary mechanism for evolution was a process called natural selection; and four, the millions of species alive today arose from a single original life form through a branching process called “specialization.”
Darwin’s theory of evolutionary selection holds that variation within species occurs randomly and that the survival or extinction of each organism is determined by that organism’s ability to adapt to its environment. He set these theories forth in his book called, On the Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life (1859) or The Origin of the Species for short. After publication of Origin of Species, Darwin continued to write on botany, geology, and zoology until his death in 1882. He is buried in Westminster Abbey.
The purpose of Homework Assignment #2 is to provide you with an appreciation of the importance of the scientific method and provide you with “hands on experience” in learning about research methods used in the discipline of Human Sexuality.
Caution – Please keep in mind, that while minimum length is suggested for each task assignment, a length of several times the minimum is generally necessary to obtain good to exceptional grades. Always be sure to weave in solid scholarship, as evidenced from the text and website readings, and be certain to “compare and contrast” what you have learned. This will help to assure me that you in fact are learning each week. Thank you. Module Assignment #2 – Human Sexuality as a Science
2.2 – The Internet and Human Sexuality
Researching Homophobia & Heterosexism
Task – In this “Internet Research Exercise,” you are to review the following scientific article on homophobia. Read the entire study carefully and then discuss it in a well written reaction paper.
The following link takes you to this classic Adams study on homophobia.
2.3 – Human Sexuality Based Websites
Using Internet Tools To Learn About Human Sexuality
Opening Comment – In the psychology of life, human sexuality is very important. But why?
I am a sexologist and the author of two books on human sexuality, so I am partial to making sure students understand the importance of human sexuality in their everyday lives and especially in their relationships. Having also been a psychologist for over 30 years, I am convinced one of the major reasons relationships fail, often in separation and divorce is due to bad sexual relationships. Masters and Johnson, the famous sexologists noted: “When things go wrong in the bedroom, they also go very wrong in the living room.” Finally sexuality is a major topic in more advanced psychology courses, such as in social psychology, and in marriage and family courses.
Overview – Human sexuality is a very important aspect of “life.” In fact, one of the number one issues that both functional and dysfunctional couples report as problematic at times–or even most of the time–is sexual expression. Sexuality is a topic of ease and unease, excitement and mystery. Whether the topic is sexual dysfunction, coercion, abuse, or sexual harassment, we at times must look at the dark side, the unpleasant side, and even sides we’ve never even dreamt of, let alone heard of. Many of us have strong feelings, values, and beliefs that are generated by our family, moral, and religious upbringing. Some of these values and beliefs may be challenged, while others may be strengthened during your study of human sexuality. If you have a strong discomfort around candid language, and discussing sexual variations and practices, then this topic and course will certainly challenge you. The good news is coming to terms with your sexuality can lead to greater personal understanding, greater personal sexual growth and development, and greater freedom.
Over the next dozen or so assignments, you will be asked to explore human sexuality related topics at various Websites. While many Websites are suggested for you to explore, you are always free to choose other Websites that may interest you more. The only requirement is they must be human sexuality related. Such flexibility is provided so as to accommodate personal, moral, and religious concerns. However, you are urged to explore your professor’s suggested Websites.
Task – Using either or as your search engine, choose a website or video clip that relates to this module’s topic and theme. Report back what you learned from exploring either. Explain in tightly worded writing, what you learned. Always try and weave in textbook reading, learning, and research data.
This next website is a special one from Stanford University. In 1973, historian Carl Degler was combing the University archives, gathering research for a book on the history of the family. Sifting through the papers of Dr. Clelia Duel Mosher, who taught in Stanford’s hygiene department around the turn of the 20th century, he came across a mysteriously bound file. Degler nearly put it aside, figuring it was a manuscript for one of Mosher’s published works, mostly statistical treatises on women’s height, strength and menstruation. But instead, he recalls, “I opened it up and there were these questionnaires”– questionnaires upon which dozens of women, most born before 1870, had inscribed their most intimate thoughts.
In other words, it was a sex survey. A Victorian sex survey. It is the earliest known study of its type, long preceding, for example, the 1947 and 1953 Kinsey Reports, whose oldest female respondents were born in the 1890s. The Mosher Survey recorded not only women’s sexual habits and appetites, but also their thinking about spousal relationships, children and contraception. Perhaps, it hinted, Victorian women weren’t so Victorian after all. Module Assignment #2 – Human Sexuality as a Science
2.4 – Sexual Themes and Variations Textbook
Reading Assignment – Become Familiar With Your Textbook
Overview – Your assigned textbook is Sexual Themes and Variations This custom edition textbook was written and prepared exclusively for Santa Rosa Junior College by your professor —- Mannino, J. D. (2015). Sexual Themes and Variations. San Francisco, CA: TeddyBear Publishers.
Task – Readings: None
The following link will provide you with a wealth of information about the role of research in our understanding of human sexuality. The following link is by Professor Ludwin Molina of California State University at Northridge. [This a recommended activity and not required, and as such, there is no “task box” at the end of HW #2.]
2.5 – Head Candy – Online Mental Gymnastics
Human Sexuality Tests, Exercises, Activities, and Self-Help Inventories
Overview – Over the years, I’ve found that students love taking psychological mental tests, quizzes, and self-help personality inventories, especially those online that provide nearly instant feedback after completing. While few are truly scientifically based “psychological instruments,” complete with “reliability and validity” standards, they nonetheless provide us with helpful and often substantial insights into who we are. So with that caveat made, this section is devoted to mental tests, or head games, if you will. ALL of them relate to some important aspect of Human Sexuality
Task – In the weeks ahead, we will explore more serioius and professional exercises and activities related to human sexuality. While many of these activities will derive from our workbook Sexually Speaking, some will be web-based resources as well.
The Sexual Addiction Screening Test (SAST) is designed to assist the assessment of sexually compulsive or “addictive” behavior. The test provides a profile of responses which help to identify men and women with sexually addictive disorders.
Provide a written reaction paper regarding what you learned from this exercise. Be sure to consider how valid and reliable you believe the test to be from a scientific point of view. Consider some of your thoughts about what “sexual addiction” really is.
2.6 – Sexually Speaking Workbook
Reading Assignment – Chapter 2
Overview – Your assigned workbook Sexually Speaking, is loaded with readings, exercises, and activities all geared to enhancing your learning of human sexuality. This national workbook is written by your professor. It was published by McGraw-Hill Publishers [Mannino, J. D. (2007). Revised edition is: Mannino, J. D. (2015). Sexually Speaking. San Francisco, CA: TeddyBear Publishers].
Sexually Speaking, your assigned workbook, is organized by chapters. Activities and exercises are selected from various chapters to enhance weekly assignments, topics, and lecture material. It is also important to remember that certain assignments will be required from Sexually Speaking. Therefore, always review each week’s Sexually Speaking assignments carefully.
Task – Read and Review thoroughly Chapter 2 “The Science of Sex: Human Sexuality and Research” in Sexually Speaking workbook.
2.7 – Course Discussion Board
Module #2 – Thought Provoking Question (TPQ) or Article
Overview – The purpose of a course discussion board is to allow students and professor an opportunity to interact about topics of common interest. A discussion board is also a fine tool to share commonly asked questions, answers, and concerns.
You are urged to use the discussion board, when you have questions that you think others may wish to know; when you have technical questions or answers that others may wish to know, and to share other useful tidbits with each other. I want each of you to become familiar with the message board system.
Once you have composed your thoughts and written them down in a word application program [i.e., Microsoft word] — with grammar and spell check—you follow through with posting (copy and pasting) them. Remember, to be sure you also post your comments in the appropriate place in the task boxes that links later in this assignment. You only do this if you are also submitting this ENTIRE assignment as one of your required four online assignments for this course.
Task – In each class module, there will be one thought-provoking course related question or article for which discussion is expected from students. While not always directly related to assigned readings, they have important course-wide implications. You are expected to respond to each TPQ by the end of each class module’s deadline Be sure to place the question/article module number (#) in the “subject line” so your classmates will know which module topic you are addressing.
Since there is only one “thought-provoking question or article ” (TPQ) due per module during the regular semester, a minimum response of 250 to 500 words is required for each message board TPQ posting. Also, students need to post a TPQ for EACH of the 15 online assignments.
This Assignment’s Thought Provoking Question (TPQ) or Article #2
The following link is a graded assignment for the TPQ. (1) Click on the link below, (2) read the TPQ or article, and then (3) respond in the student posting area provided at the end.
2.8 – The Human Sexes Film Series
Video #1: The Human Sexes – Different But Equal
Task – After reviewing this film module, report back what you have learned. Explain in a clear, conciise, and tightly worded reaction report.
The following link is to a six-part instructional video series for teaching Introduction to Human Sexuality for college level students. Each hour long program covers some major component found in a typical undergraduate Introduction to Human Sexuality college course.
This film series offers the college learner an overview of historic, cultural, and current theoretics of human sexualty. Famed Oxford University zoology professor and author Dr. Desmond Morris narrates as the series probes the mysteries and cultural aspects of human sexuality. Based on extensive investigation and authoritative scholarship, this film series is always scholarly, interesting, and entertaining.
Directions for using the “Human Sexes” video link:
When you arrive at the “Human Sexes” website, you will need to scroll down until you arrive at a video screen. At the top of that video screen in the upper left hand side in capitals you will see “PLAYLIST: HUMAN SEXES.” Simply click on the “PLAYLIST” word. You will then see a list of the videos. Simply scroll down using the little gray scroll bar at the right until you arrive at the assigned video — click on it. There is a little learning curve here, but once you get it, these six great 30 minute videos are well worth it. Enjoy each video, take notes, and learn!
Video Summary: Will boys always be boys and girls always be girls? Will we ever really understand each other? You may be shocked by your conclusions.
Prepare yourself for an intimate, erotic examination of physical differences between the sexes, from body fat to brain power. See Turkish men demonstrate their suitability as mates by wrestling in olive oil. Celebrate Mardi Gras in New Orleans, where women bare their breasts to entice men to reward them with strings of beads. Observe women who flaunt their femininity as exotic dancers, and female body builders who develop their muscles to the point of masculinity. Examine brain scans that show that men and women even think differently about the same problems.
“Different But Equal” explores whether the amazing differences between men and women are based on biology or history.
2.9 – Assignment #2 “Blue Book” Responses
Composing Your Responses To Assignment #4 in Module #4 (Helpful Directions)
Overview – For each course module there is a major homework assignment that must be completed. Each of these module homework assignments has several tasks. Some entail reading, some include exploring and reviewing websites, reviewing videos, and still others involve written tasks — work that must be submitted for review and/or grading.
Responses to “tasks” must be sent on time or you will either fail the assignment or be severely penalized. Late homework assignments are perceived as both a student who is “absent from class” and “late with work.” Please always maintain a backup copy of all your written work. Glitches occur in online technology-based education, but ultimately it is your responsibility to maintain adequate backup of all work submitted. You are also encouraged to compose your work within a word-processing application and then “copy and paste” into “task boxes.” This is so you may avail yourself of spell and grammar check options provided in most modern word processing software.
Please be aware that all submissions are automatically received by the course “gradebook,” where they will be evaluated by your professor for acceptance, rejection, or acceptance with penalty. So make sure your work is received promptly. Much the same way that attendance is determined by you presence in the traditional classroom at the regularly scheduled class time, so too is attendance determined by your prompt submission of assignments while enrolled in an online course. Furthermore, arriving to class without homework or with incomplete homework is also perceived in the same manner with an online course. Accordingly, you are encouraged to submit you weekly work prior to deadlines, to avoid computer glitches, “downtime,” and other “technological spills and inconveniences.”
Directions – Each numbered task box listed below corresponds with tasks described in each module’s homework assignment. Usually, tasks outlined on this webpage require written reactions and/or responses.
Be sure to follow directions carefully and precisely when completing each task. “A word to the wise!” Minimal work receives a minimal grade. For example, if a task asks that you provide a written paragraph or two, and you provide just that, then you have provided only minimal work. Simply said, minimal work is “C” work. Well thought out writing that exceeds both excellence and minimal length (word count) and quality requirements is, generally speaking, graded higher and indicative of a “good and solidly motivated student.” However length in of itself does not assure quality either, so learn to strike a balance. Good luck!
Particulars – Remember this assignment (out of two required) is due by a certain date or will be penalized. Overly late assignments may NOT be accepted at all. The discretion of the professor rules in all such matters. Was your assignment “Online and Ontime?” Before beginning this first homework assignment be sure you understand the word count and quality requirements (1500 to 3000 words depending on grade desired). Also module assignments may not be submitted back-to-back. There must be at least a one assignment space between submissions. See Grading Policy in Course Basics at the for further information.
While students need submit only two fully completed modules out of fifteen online assignments to choose from, ALL students are responsible for reviewing ALL 15 modules and having a moderate understanding of each. Don’t cheat yourself out of a good education.